Joint Pain: A comprehensive guide to treatments and causes

The human body has a large number of joints that connect bones and allow motion. In this article, we’ll discuss joint paint & injuries, causes, and treatments.

What is joint pain?

Joint pain is widespread and often affects the hands, feet, hips, knees, and spine. Pain might be persistent or intermittent. The joints feel stiff, achy, or painful at times. 

Furthermore, the joint may seem tight in the morning, but it will loosen up and feel better with movement and exercise. Too much activity, on the other hand, may aggravate the discomfort.

Subluxation, dislocation, diastasis, and fracture are all possible outcomes of joint injury. Joint injury is a displacement of a bone relative to the adjacent bone that causes partial loss of articulation between the opposing bone ends.

Causes of joint pain and injuries:

The following are the most prevalent causes of knee joint pain: 

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis 
  • Gout 
  • Overuse leads to bursitis. It commonly manifests as in the hip, knee, elbow, or shoulder.
  • Joint mobility 
  • Tendinitis 
  • Family’s history
  • Excessive weight
  • Fractures or other damage to the joints
  • Participating in sports that provide direct joint impact
  • Some medical disorders might also have an effect on joint health.
  • Symptomatic knee joint effusion is frequently observed after hip fracture, leading to postoperative knee pain during rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery.
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Hip joint fracture

Treatments

Stem cell therapy to heal joint pain

Stem cell treatment isn’t new. This procedure has been used to treat certain cancers, regrow healthy tissue for burn victims, and restore the immune systems of countless chemotherapy patients by taking your embryonic stem cells. Bone marrow transplants are a well-known type of stem cell therapy that has met with success.

Every day in clinics across the globe, stem cells are being used in trials to test their viability as a means to heal spinal cord injuries, treat advanced heart disease, reverse neurodegenerative diseases, and treat male pattern baldness. It seems as though these “super cells” are the future of medicine.

Stem cells have the unique ability to transform into whatever type of healthy cells you need to regenerate injured tissue and bone. Stem cell therapy illustrates the power of the body to heal itself.

You’re probably wondering just how regenerative stem cell therapy can help ease your joint pain. Without delving into a biology lesson, we’ll explain. The stem cells necessary to build the structural cells needed to heal your joints come from adult bone marrow or fat. These stem cells rebuild structural cells in the body like tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and even bone.

Once harvested from you or a donor, stem cells are injected into the joint, such as the knee, shoulder, or elbow. The cells then begin working to heal your injured joint. In the case of osteoarthritis, researchers believe stem cells work by developing into essential cartilage cells and releasing proteins that reduce pain and slow degeneration of cartilage.

After a period of recovery, you’re ready to take on the world with less pain.

PRP

Healthcare providers determine that your joint pain could respond to PRP treatments. The process starts with a simple blood draw. They use a syringe to take a few tablespoons of blood from your arm. Then spin the blood in a specialized, sterile centrifuge that separates the liquid (plasma) from the solids and further separates the small cell fragments known as platelets.

Platelets are plate-shaped cell fragments filled with growth factors. When you’re injured, your body naturally rushes blood to the site of injury, which is why you notice swelling after you’ve been cut or bruised. The platelets in your blood coagulate to prevent blood loss and start the healing process by triggering your body to rebuild tissue.

Super-concentration is done by mixing them back into just a tiny amount of your plasma. The resulting serum has up to 10 times the amount of platelets as non-concentrated blood. Because the PRP serum is made from your blood, it’s a biologically compatible therapy that your body doesn’t reject, and it has no side effects.

PRP subdues inflammation

Once the platelet-rich plasma (PRP) serum is ready from your adult stem cells, it is injected directly into the site of your pain and discomfort. The growth factors stimulate your body to produce fibroblasts and endothelial cells, which reduce inflammation. The growth factors also help your body create healthy new blood vessels, increasing circulation to the area to accelerate repair and flush away waste materials.

PRP therapy regrows damaged tissue

Your body already works to repair damaged tissue, but when you have degraded or inflamed cartilage in your joints, your body can’t keep up. The PRP accelerates and boosts healing, so your body can repair significant amounts of damage that it can’t handle by itself.

Cell researchers have shown that PRP can help you regenerate cartilage that’s been degraded by osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

Because PRP is a regenerative therapy that helps your body repair itself, you regain mobility and comfort in your joints over the weeks to months after your injections. You may start to notice a difference in how you feel in just a few weeks. Your improvements continue as your body builds healthy new tissues over the next six months.

Most women and men with joint pain need a series of PRP injections to get the level of improvement they want. We also recommend yearly touch-ups to keep your joints healthy.

Exercise

Stay physically active and follow a fitness program focusing on moderate exercise. Stretch before exercising to maintain a good range of motion in your joints. The most common cause of shoulder pain occurs when rotator cuff tendons become trapped under the bony area in the shoulder joint. The tendons become inflamed or damaged. This condition is called rotator cuff tendinitis or bursitis. Lift your arm or move your shoulder to get relief from it.